Friday, March 23, 2012

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccine

There are two kind of vaccines to prevent from human papilloma virus (HPV), virus that can cause of cervical cancers. That are Cervarix (Glaxo Smith Kline) vaccine and Gardasil (Merck) vaccine. Gardasil can prevent of genital warts as well as anal, vulvar and vaginal cancers.

This virus infection can passes from one person to another through direct skin contact during sexual activity. HPV infection is most common in people in their late teens and early 20s. There are about 40 types of HPV viruses that can infect the genital areas of men and women. Most HPV types cause no symptoms and go away on their own. But some types can cause cervical cancer in women and other less common cancers, like anus, pelvis, vagina and vulva and oropharynx cancers.

HPV vaccination is recommended to the gilrs with age of 11 to 12 years old, but also important for girls and women with age of 13 to 26 years old for who have not been vaccinated before. Vaccination is not recommended for pregnant woman, although some studies show that HPV vaccines do not cause problems for babies born to women who receive HPV vaccination. A pregnant woman should not get any vaccination until her pregnancy is completed. The effectivitas of this vaccination reported for about six years.

HPV vaccine can't protect all kind of HPV viruses, so they will not prevent all cases of cervical cancers. About 30% of cervical cancers will not be prevented by this vaccines, so it is important for women to continue getting screened for cervical cancer regularly.

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